1st AID/SANITAION/MEDICINE CABINET/
HERE ARE SOME USEFUL ITEMS FOR A CHICKEN 1ST AID KIT:
I use injectable Ivermectin for worming my birds (see HEALTH for directions). Some people use the pour on and apply to each bird individually.
Worm at least twice a year, beginning of summer and late fall. I like to get my birds in good condition for the winter, worming is a good way to do
that. Injectable Ivermectin is thick and you'll need a LARGE GAUGE needle and syringe to get it out of the bottle and to measure it. LARGER
GAUGE NUMBER IS SMALLER NEEDLE. GET 18 GAUGE FOR THIS USE. Order from Jeffers or ask your vet to sell you a couple. Or try your
local feed store.
My new favorite first aid kit item is Vetericyn Wound & Infection Care Spray. It promotes healing and kills bacteria. It can be
sprayed directly in the eye which is much easier than trying to apply ointment. I bought it at the feed store.
RESCUE REMEDY FOR PETS is a herbal product that is said to be useful for shock. This would be good to have on hand in case of predator attack.
I also keep a tube of Terramycin eye ointment on hand. Terramycin that you put in water is basically worthless (in my opinion) but the
eye ointment is useful. My vet charges $17 for a tube, it’s $11 at Jeffers:
A product called Graulex is also good for injuries. It comes in an aerosol spray. Very good for open wounds.
I always keep hand rearing formula on hand. Most pet stores carry it (PetSmart does). It is used to feed baby birds and can save a sick
chicken that is unable to eat. Mix it up pretty watery (it thickens) and slowly squirt into beak of sick bird using a syringe without a needle.
Do not squirt down the throat or it can get into the lungs. Syringe in SLOWLY and let bird swallow before giving more.
Some good all-around antibiotics are injectable Tylan or LS-50. Many feed stores carry one or the other. Try to find LS-50 if you are
treating a respiratory problem, or get it from Jeffers. You can buy syringes with needles at Jeffers for 20 cents each. Buy plenty so
you won't be tempted to reuse them. Dispose of them safely after used. Remember, LARGER NUMBER IS SMALLER GAUGE NEEDLE.
(18 is a bigger needle, 25 is a smaller needle) Get smallest gauge they have (22 to 25 gauge is good). Give 1 cc of Tylan for standard bird
(1/2 cc for bantams) in breast muscle every other day for total of 3 shots. For how to give injection, see below.***
Denagard (Tiamutin): In my opinion one of the best treatments for BACTERIAL respiratory problems is Denagard (Tiamutin). It is an
antibiotic that is administered in the water. It is not cheap but a little goes a long way. It has NO WITHDRAWAL period. I get it at QC
Supply. For disease prevention (Mycoplasma) mix 1 cap full (8cc's) into a gallon of water. To treat sick birds, use 12 cc's per gallon. Treat
for 5 to 7 days. Repeat in 3 weeks at same dosage for both prevention and treatment of disease. DO NOT EXCEED 15CC's PER GALLON.
DO NOT USE WITH OTHER ANTIOBIOTICS. Antibiotics are hard on kidneys so using 2 at once can harm kidneys.
You can read about Denagard here. Their main web page is undergoing revision currently but this has some basic info
To order from QC Supply:
Here is a site that explains about OXINE. I use Oxine in the incubator water. I add a few drops to chick waterers. When I had pox I
have several birds in the ICU and I fogged the room. It is a great product. See article on 'Many Uses of Oxine'. Do not get the citric
acid activator. You don't need it and it can be harmful.
I get it here.
I also like VIRKON-S. It comes with a measuring scoop. I use it to disinfect incubator and brooder between hatches, and sterilize
cages that have held ill birds. I mixed it in a garden sprayer and sprayed the ceiling and walls of my coops after losing my best Buff
Orp rooster to Aspergillosis. You can use it as a boot sanitizer and aerial disinfection. I buy the powder, it comes with a measuring scoop.
HOW TO GIVE AN INJECTION (INTRAMUSCULAR) ***
Get everything you need ready before you get the bird:
2 Cotton balls
Needle (larger number is smaller gauge, 22 is smaller than 20)
Fill syringe – daub alcohol soaked cotton on top of bottle. Draw up a bit more medicine than you need. Hold syringe with needle
pointing up and tap until all air bubbles come to the top. Depress plunger until air is expelled and a stream of liquid squirts out.
Soak another cotton ball with alcohol and get the bird. Hold her in the crook of left arm (if right handed). Find meaty part of breast,
part feathers with your fingers of left hand and daub alcohol where you will give injection. Stick needle in just far enough so liquid goes
in. You don’t have to go deep. Depress plunger and withdraw needle. Daub spot where you injected with the alcohol cotton ball again. That’s
it. If you are nervous, you can practice by injecting water into an orange. Some people withdraw the needle a bit before giving the injection.
If blood draws into the needle it means you hit a vein. I never withdraw the needle, and have never lost a bird from a shot. If you inject into
the breast meat you’ll be fine.
Chickens do feel pain. Assume they are in as much pain as you would be if you sustained the same injury.
Meloxicam (Metacam) is a frequently-prescribed anti-inflammatory for chickens, but a veterinarian must prescribe it along with the dosage and any
egg withdrawal period.
As long as there are no internal injuries, an aspirin drinking water solution can be offered to an injured chicken for a maximum of three days. Add 5
aspirin tablets (total of 325 mg) to one gallon of water.
HOMEMADE ELECTROLYTE RECIPE, HOT WEATHER AND ACIDOSIS
by Lisa Fresh Eggs Daily Farm Girl
Did you know that the effect of heat on chickens is cumulative and that a sudden increase in temperature is more dangerous than a
gradual climb? Temperatures between 65 F and 75 F are optimal; anything higher starts to cause stress to their bodies. The added
blood flow to their combs, wattles and skin reduces the flow to their vital organs.
Chickens combat the heat in part by panting. Their panting to keep cool increases their respiratory and heart rate, causes them to
loose Co2 (carbon dioxide), which upsets the pH balance in their bodies and can lead to acidosis, a potentially fatal condition.
The overly high acid levels in the body produce symptoms including purplish combs, droopy wings, a disheveled appearance and a
refusal to eat or drink. This eventually leads to coma or death.
Now, I'm not a vet or scientist and would never pretend to be, but I do read and research a lot. I subscribe to every chicken
magazine published and own most of the well-known chicken care books. It's important to me to provide all our animals the best
care I can and even our local vet doesn't treat chickens, so it's up to me to figure it out for the most part.
Acidosis has recently appeared on my radar because of the oppressive heat here in the South this summer, and I wanted to make you
all aware of it as well.
Adding baking soda (in a 2% ratio) to your chickens' water can help counteract the acidity and prevent acidosis.
I am a huge proponent of adding Apple Cider Vinegar to my chickens' water several times a week. The ACV has health benefits
and also increases calcium absorption, which is especially important during the summer months, when the hens' feed intake goes
down and they aren't ingesting as much calcium as they normally do.
But the ACV also increases the chickens' pH levels and could possibly increase their chances of developing acidosis. I suggest in
the summer only adding ACV to your water once or twice a week.
A far better water additive during times of extreme heat is the baking soda or, even better, electrolytes such as LifeLytes,
plain Pedialyte or Vitamins & Electrolytes to replace some of the minerals and nutrients lost.
Here is a simple Homemade Electrolyte Recipe that is easy to mix up in a pinch:
1 cup water
2 teaspoons sugar
1/8 teaspoon salt
1/8 teaspoon baking soda
Use full strength on severely ailing chickens, otherwise mix into their drinking water as needed, a cup per gallon of water.
Replacing the electrolytes lost during times of oppressive heat could mean the difference between life and death to your chickens.
You can also add this electrolyte mix to water for your dogs, cats, rabbits, horses and other animals. Even mix some into a little
fruit juice for yourself or your kids.